Surgery

Surgery

Today there are many modern techniques and technologies of dental treatment and they are constantly improving. It is important to prevent from dental diseases – it is about a thorough oral cavity care and regular check-ups at the dentist and the professional oral cavity hygiene (every 6-8 months).

To save the patient’s teeth is the primary task of every dentist. In modern surgical dentistry is distinguished a complex of surgical interventions to preserve teeth. These are operation of resection of the tooth root apex with obligatory retrograde filling of canal, binding and removal of cysts and paradontological operation, and closing gum recession (gingival recession) and others. In carrying out these surgeries are frequently used bone and plastic materials to fill the bone defects. Particular attention is given to operations with plastics of gums (gingivo plasty) and bone plastics (bone shaping).

Bone shaping is the restoration of bone volume and correction of bone defects. Such operations are reasonable when it comes to implants, particularly in the aesthetic area and area of posterior maxilla (sinus lifting). Today bone shaping is sufficiently effective intervention, although 10 years ago dentists refused to implant due to insufficient bone volume. As the material for bone shaping both the patient’s own bone (so-called gold standard) and animal bone can serve. A synthetic bone is also used as well as tissue from donor bone, but such materials are rarely used.

There are many reasons of tooth loss, such as injuries, removals according to medical grounds and more. However, today there are different ways to solve the problem of restoration of lost teeth. The implantation is the most advanced and most effective of these. The implant is an artificial tooth root made of titanium or zirconium. After being installed into jaw bone in place of the lost tooth, it knits with the bone (osteo-integration) and becomes a sustentation for an artificial tooth or prosthetic construction. Today dental implants are not only an opportunity to preserve the aesthetics of the dental arcade, but the most optimal way to restore lost functions of teeth. Among its main advantages it shall be marked absolute safety, predictability and the complete absence of negative effects of using dental implants. Moreover, in case of implant treatment no age restrictions exist. The only additional requirement is the consultation of relevant experts in case when the patient has certain diseases. Injury during implant surgery usually is not more than a single tooth removal.

Dental implants are installed in the following cases:

  • – When replacing one lost tooth (it is important that these neighbouring teeth remain intact);
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  • – When replacing several teeth (implants used as support for prosthetic bridge);
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  • – The complete absence of dental arcade (patients do not need to use removable dentures any more).
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Implantation significantly expanded guarantee capabilities of modern dental treatment (it is a lifetime warranty on dental implants, periodic, free professional examination etc.). Dental care became the norm of everyday life of modern dentist.

With the development of implantology, new approaches arose to this seemingly simple intervention like tooth extraction. Since for implantation it is necessary to preserve the bone, then the removal of a tooth should minimize the possibility of injury of gums, bone walls and midradicular septums. In case of removal of multirooted teeth this task is particularly difficult; we cut multirooted tooth and remove each root separately. Normally all roots of tooth are surrounded from all sides by bone tissue. The thickness of this tissue is different, sometimes very thin, less than 1 millimetre. After the tooth bone removal there is formed a hole and it is filled with blood clot. In case of absence of the bone hole walls, it becomes impossible to receive bone volume required for each implant without bone grafting. These factors require atraumatic method of tooth extraction.

Surgeon-dentists, possessing arsenal of modern methods of treatment and using them in daily practice, achieve excellent results of treatment, return to their patients rehabilitation of effective chewing function and provide maximum aesthetic results.